Control in grammar and pragmatics : a cross-linguistic study by Rudolf Ruzicka

By Rudolf Ruzicka

The declare that “…pronominals have phonological positive factors merely the place they have to, for a few reason”, is strongly supported by way of the incidence of the null pronoun seasoned as coined and brought through Noam Chomsky. How reference of professional is set is the most topic of keep an eye on thought, the subsystem of middle grammar to which this examine is devoted. Chomsky has no longer up his “natural recommendation that collection of controller depends on theta roles or different semantic homes of the verb, probably pragmatic stipulations of a few sort.”
But then, an outstanding many scholars of keep watch over have engaged in exploring thematic roles as instruments best suited for investigating control.
Shifting research of keep watch over to the connection among thematic positive factors carried by way of seasoned and its strength controller respectively, was once a turning element up to the mark conception. regulate proved to be a spinoff of fulfilling matching stipulations that exist among thematic homes of professional and its licit controller. the limitations derived from them aren't construction-specific.
If grammar and pragmatics appear to cross hand in hand, their complicity in opting for keep watch over habit is elucidated via exhibiting that pragmatic components could be pointed out by way of grammatical constraints. facts of 9 languages are utilized in the examine.

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I will assume that θ-marking includes or consists in transferring θ-specifications from the θgrids of lexical entries to functional chains. The operation of control principles must include LF, if only because of the fact that PRO can be the variable bound by a quantifier. Clearly, if θ-grids are “… devoid of semantic content … just an indexing device” (Jackendoff (1987: 379): Jackendoff refers to Higginbotham (1985: 555)), they can hardly be suitable for sustaining control relations. , have not proven to be appropriate for a theoretical implementation of the relational concept of control.

If, as I claim, in (64), he controls PRO, satisfying the marked version of constraint (B,b), PRO must be assigned 〈intact, –〉pro. Then, we either have an apparent counterexample — if PRO continues carrying 〈intact, +〉 —, or an artificial assignment of 〈intact, –〉 as the correct specification of PRO simply begs the question. Such documentation as (64), however, can be interpreted as showing that movement to a particular landing site of a theta-marked DP, which must be a non-theta position, affects its thematic “understanding” and, consequently, its sensitivity to control.

3. Questions posed to Control The empirical questions: What constitutes an eligible controller for a given controllee? Note that “eligible” has a double sense: (a) Which of two (or more) NP arguments is suitable to be chosen as the controller? (b) Is the single available NP suitable for control? 7 The problems posed by (b) are not considered in approaches restricted to the alternative of subject vs. object control, or to a “semantic version of Rosenbaum’s Minimal Distance Principle” (cf. Gazdar et al.

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