By Adele E. Goldberg
Drawing on paintings in linguistics, language acquisition, and computing device technology, Adele E. Goldberg proposes that grammatical buildings play a relevant function within the relation among the shape and that means of straightforward sentences. She demonstrates that the syntactic styles linked to uncomplicated sentences are imbued with meaning—that the buildings themselves hold that means independently of the phrases in a sentence.Goldberg offers a complete account of the relation among verbs and buildings, delivering how you can relate verb and constructional which means, and to catch kinfolk between buildings and generalizations over structures. Prototypes, body semantics, and metaphor are proven to play the most important roles. furthermore, Goldberg offers particular analyses of numerous structures, together with the ditransitive and the resultative buildings, revealing systematic semantic generalizations.Through a comparability with different present techniques to argument constitution phenomena, this booklet narrows the space among generative and cognitive theories of language.
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Extra resources for Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure
W hy paint your house purple? (Gordon & Lakoff 1971) The m ore you stare at it, the less you understand. (Cf. Fillmore, Kay & O ’C onnor 1988) He cried him self to sleep. (Cf. chapter 8) Therefore evidence that a phenom enon is idiosyncratic is not evidence that it is lexical, unless “ lexical” is defined so as to describe all and only idiosyn cratic items. But once the definition o f “ lexical” is extended to this degree, the inevitable consequence is that the lexical is no longer neatly delim ited from the syntactic (cf.
T herefore the existence o f idiosyncratic properties is taken as evidence for a lexical phenom enon (Jackendoff 1975; W asow 1977; Dowty 1979). However, if the lexicon is defined as the w arehouse o f idiosyncratic inform ation, it must contain inform ation about particular gram m atical constructions that are phrasal and even clausal. For exam ple, each of the following is idiomatic in the sense that som e aspect o f its form and/or m eaning is not strictly predictable given know ledge o f the rest o f grammar.
Load, on the other hand, although it can readily appear in the alternate co n structions in (29), according to Carlson and Tanenhaus’s hypothesis (as well as the cuiTent account) retains the same core lexical m eaning in both uses: (29) a. b. Bill loaded the truck onto the ship, Bill loaded the truck with bricks. Carlson and Tanenhaus reasoned that if a reader or hearer initially selects an inappropriate sense o f an am biguous word like set, a garden path will result, effecting an increased processing load.