By USMC (Ret.), Colonel Joseph H. Alexander
The second one conflict of Seoul was once the conflict to recapture Seoul from the North Koreans in past due September 1950. the development on Seoul used to be sluggish and bloody, after the landings at Inchon. the explanation used to be the looks within the Seoul sector of 2 top notch struggling with devices of the North Korean People's military, the 78th self sustaining Infantry Regiment and twenty fifth Infantry Brigade, approximately 7,000 troops in all. The NKPA introduced a T-34 assault, which used to be trapped and destroyed, and a Yak bombing run in Incheon harbor, which did little harm. The NKPA tried to stall the UN offensive to permit time to enhance Seoul and withdraw troops from the south. notwithstanding warned that the method of taking Seoul may enable closing NKPA forces within the south to flee, MacArthur felt that he was once sure to honor provides given to the South Korean govt to retake the capital once attainable. at the moment day, vessels wearing the U.S. Army's seventh Infantry department arrived in Incheon Harbor. normal Almond used to be desirous to get the department into place to dam a potential enemy circulate from the south of Seoul. at the morning of September 18, the division's 2d Battalion of the thirty second Infantry Regiment landed at Incheon and the rest of the regiment went ashore later within the day. the subsequent morning, the second Battalion moved as much as relieve an U.S. Marine battalion occupying positions at the correct flank south of Seoul. in the meantime, the seventh Division's thirty first Infantry Regiment got here ashore at Incheon. accountability for the area south of Seoul street handed to seventh department at 18:00 on September 19. The seventh Infantry department then engaged in heavy battling with North Korean squaddies at the outskirts of Seoul. earlier than the conflict, North Korea had only one understrength department within the urban, with nearly all of its forces south of the capital. MacArthur in my opinion oversaw the first Marine Regiment because it fought via North Korean positions at the street to Seoul. keep an eye on of Operation Chromite used to be then given to significant basic Edward Almond, the X Corps commander. common Almond was once in a tremendous hurry to catch Seoul via September 25, precisely 3 months of the North Korean attack around the thirty eighth parallel. On September 22, the Marines entered Seoul to discover it seriously fortified. Casualties fixed because the forces engaged in determined house-to-house scuffling with. nervous to pronounce the conquest of Seoul, Almond declared town liberated on September 25 even though Marines have been nonetheless engaged in house-to-house strive against. This U.S. Marine Corps background presents detailed information regarding a huge point of the Korean warfare. topics lined during this heritage contain: the first Marine department; significant normal Oliver P. Smith; Seoul/Wonsan crusade; aerial scientific evacuation; shut air help within the recapture of Seoul; marine wrestle cars; Bushmaster; 1950 road scuffling with.
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Additional info for Battle of the Barricades: U.S. Marines in the Recapture of Seoul (Marines in the Korean War Commemorative Series)
Partridge’s engineer teams performed their high-stress mine-clearing missions with progressive efficiency. This helped sustain the division’s momentum and limited the time available to the enemy to more fully develop defensive positions within the city. In Seoul, the Marines encountered barricaded roadblocks every 200 to 300 yards along the main boulevards. The North Koreans seeded most approaches with mines. The Marines formulated the necessary teamwork on the spot. The rifle company commander would shower the obstacle with fire, including smoke or white phosphorus mortar shells.
Children gentle and tiny and wideeyed as they fastened themselves to the men who first ignored them . . ” Enemy snipers, mines, and long-range, heavy caliber antitank rifles took a toll among Marines and civilians alike. The ancient city became a ghastly killing ground. and Barrow soon saddled up his gunners and forward observers and plunged forward downhill into the maze of streets and railroad tracks (3d Battalion, 1st Marines, had Ma Po Boulevard; 1st Battalion, 1st Marines’ axis of advance was less straightforward).
Company I’s stouthearted advance encountered fierce opposition from the start. At one point McMullen led his troops into a maze of trenches manned by 200 North Koreans and forced them out by the sheer velocity of the assault—only to lose the position to a vicious counterattack. The two forces struggled across this Department of Defense Photo (USMC) A43987-B by enemy machine-gun-fire. Private First Class Obregon enabled his fellow Marines to rescue the wounded man and aided essentially in repelling the attack.