By Ruslan Mitkov
Educating pcs to resolve language difficulties is among the significant challengesof usual language processing. there's a great amount of attention-grabbing researchdevoted to this box. This e-book fills an current hole within the literature with anup-to-date survey of the sphere, together with the author¿s personal contributions.A variety of assorted fields overlap in anaphora answer ¿ computationallinguistics, common language processing (NLP), grammar, semantics, pragmatics,discourse research and synthetic intelligence. This booklet starts off by means of introducingbasic notions and terminology, relocating onto early learn equipment andapproaches, contemporary advancements and purposes, and destiny directions.It addresses quite a few matters on the topic of the sensible implementation of anaphorasystems, comparable to principles hired, algorithms applied or evaluationtechniques used. this is often an incredible reference ebook for college students and researchersin this actual zone of computational linguistics.Since anaphora answer is key for the advance of any sensible NLPsystem, the booklet should be of curiosity to readers from either academia andindustry.
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Extra info for Anaphora Resolution (Studies in Language and Linguistics)
25 Incorporating extensive real-world knowledge into a practical anaphora resolution system is a very labour-intensive and time-consuming task. Consequently, the vast majority of systems simply do not have access to such extralinguistic knowledge (apart from ‘toy’ systems operating in very narrow domains). Therefore anaphors requiring real-world knowledge for their resolution stand the least chance of being resolved successfully. 2 Anaphora resolution in practice The automatic resolution of anaphors consists of the following main stages: (1) identification of anaphors, (2) location of the candidates for antecedents and (3) selection of the antecedent from the set of candidates on the basis of anaphora resolution factors.
23. Germany: Benedikt Taschen Verlag, 1994. Gilles Neret, Dalí, Ch. 1, p. 6. Germany: Benedikt Taschen Verlag, 1994. g. who is the speaker, who is the addressee, where and when the utterance takes place) and not from previously introduced words, as is the case with anaphors. 11. John Updike, Brazil, p. 34. London: Penguin Books, 1994. D. James, Original Sin, Ch. 8, p. 6. London: Faber and Faber, 1995. John Updike, Brazil, p. 7. London: Penguin Books, 1994. Semantically empty. Quirk et al. (1985).
Henry Miller, The Wisdom of the Heart. New York: New Directions, 1941. Karttunen (1969). There are other examples where the anaphor does not trigger coreference such as My neighbour has a monster Harley 1200. They are really huge but gas-efficient bikes (Sidner 1983). To account for such cases, Sidner introduces the relationship co-specification. She regards the ARC01 11/04/2002 4:19 PM Page 25 LINGUISTIC FUNDAMENTALS 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 relationship anaphor-antecedent as kind of cognitive pointing to the same ‘cognitive element’, called specification.