Agricultural Biotechnology and Transatlantic Trade: by Grant E. Isaac

By Grant E. Isaac

Genetically transformed (GM) agricultural plants that are authorized as secure in North the United States (Canada and the USA) are dealing with major regulatory hurdles in having access to the eu Union. the improvement and commercialization of GM plants illustrate a posh problem dealing with alternate international relations - the problem of regulatory regionalism created by means of social regulatory limitations.

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Additional resources for Agricultural Biotechnology and Transatlantic Trade: Regulatory Barriers to GM Crops (Cabi Publishing)

Sample text

The two most frequent single-trait stacking modifications, were for herbicide tolerance and insect resistance. However, multitrait stacking modifications represent the future of production-trait GM varieties (Brenner, 1998) – that is, transferring the genetic material for, say herbicide tolerance, insect resistance and virus resistance, to one plant organism, creating a GM variety that simultaneously expresses the three desired traits. At the same time, new agricultural crops will be subject to production-trait applications.

Integration parameters of the regulatory jurisdiction. influence the regulatory framework developed (Woolcock, 1998) and this influences the integration approach pursued. Generally, if the regulatory tradition is closely associated with the economic perspective, then it is likely that shallow economic integration based on regulatory competition will be the preferred integration approach (area A in Fig. 1). In contrast, if the regulatory tradition is closely associated with the social perspective, then it is likely that deeper social integration based on regulatory coordination will be the preferred approach (area D in Fig.

As social regulatory barriers are inextricably linked to the social perspective and to the regulatory development process, this omission is unsustainable. 3 Social Regulatory Barriers: a Case-study This study examines this fundamental shortcoming of traditional trade diplomacy through a case-study of a current and complex issue – the transatlantic trade of GM crops. At the core of the transatlantic differences is a conflict between the economic and the social perspectives on regulatory development and integration.

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