African Democratization and Military Coups by Chuka Onwumechili

By Chuka Onwumechili

Onwumechili offers an exhilarating viewpoint on African army coups and reminds us that democracy isn't really synonymous exclusively with Western societies. He examines democracies in conventional Africa and indicates how those socieites sincerely outlined and constrained the jobs of conventional African armies.From this historical past, Onwumechili makes readers relish that glossy African armies are deviant associations, without roots in conventional Africa. really, he argues, one has to hunt these roots in Africa's fresh, colonial heritage. Dr. Onwumechili is going directly to describe the explanations for coups and their strategies. ultimately, he examines how army coups should be avoided. whereas earlier options have mostly failed, Onwumechili presents convincing strategies in keeping with case experiences.

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Babangida himself was forced to resign after a huge protest and riot were mounted in Nigeria and international pressure also rose against election cancellation. He appointed Chief Ernest Shonekan, a businessman, to lead a caretaker government before another election was to be conducted. The public did not accept Shonekan's government, nor did the public accept General Sanni Abacha's government, which replaced Shonekan a few months later in a palace coup. Since then, the country has been controlled through military dictatorship and decrees.

Most military coups announce economic failures as a major justification, and we will present two major examples of such cases. General Ankrah's 1966 coup in Ghana listed several economic failures of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah's government, including the rising cost of living, and Sergeant Samuel Doe's 1980 coup in Liberia accused the overthrown Tolbert government of unequal distribution of the nation's economic resources. The guardian perspective acknowledges the military as the unit that is entrusted with the nation's defense and military coups are, therefore, seen as part of the maintenance of political sanity and, thus, a necessary part of national defense.

The only other president of Zambia was Kenneth Kaunda, who was president under a one-party mle after the 1964 independence. Kaunda was bom by Malawian parents, who were missionaries who had settled in Zambia. Kaunda immediately reinforced his presidential powers after independence and seemed to be preparing for a lifelong stay as the country's president. Zambia was relatively free compared to many African countries but fair democratic elections were not available under Kaunda. In fact, there were two coup attempts against Kaunda's government, as political frustrations began to build up within the country.

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