By Yoshiki Ogawa
Syntactically conversing, it has lengthy been recognized that noun words are parallel to clauses in lots of respects. whereas so much syntactic theories comprise this precept, nouns have in general been considered as not as good as verbs when it comes to their licensing talents, and nominal projections were considered as much less complicated than verbal projections when it comes to the variety of practical different types that they comprise. Ogawa, despite the fact that, argues that clauses and noun words are completely parallel. This booklet presents a unified thought of clauses and noun words, finally supporting to simplify a number of thorny matters within the syntax/morphology interface.
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Extra info for A Unified Theory of Verbal and Nominal Projections (Oxford Studies in Comparative Syntax)
Norwegian (Watanabe 1996:197; cited from Taraldsen 1985:9): Jens skj nte ikke dette sp rsmalet. ' The only difference between (52a) and (53a) on the one hand and (55a-b) on the other, Vikner (1995) argues, is that the C-head remains empty in the latter before a finite verb raises to it, whereas in the former it is filled by an overt adverbial element (mon 'I-wonder' in (52a) and kanske 'maybe' in (52b)). That these elements fill the C-head is independently shown by the fact that they occur in the position where a raised finite verb otherwise fills: (56) a.
B. Paul hardly speaks Italian, *Paul speaks hardly Italian. *Pierreapeineparlel'italien. (=(12a)) Pierre parle a peine 1'italien. (= (12b)) (Pollock 1989:378) My claim is that the contrast between (11a) and (lib) is related to the contrast between (12) and (13). Let us continue to assume that the null C is an inflectional affix and that it must attach to the selecting head in the cases at hand. Let us also suppose, following Chomsky (1995:chapter 4), that every transitive verb is selected by the light verb v.
B. Jean croyait *(que) elle etait malade. (= (la)) c. the statement *(that) John is guilty Stowell (1981) and Kayne (1981) provided a principled account for the asymmetry between (la) and (lc). In the framework of the principles and parameters theory (Chomsky 1981), they claimed that not only traces left by movement but also empty Cs must be licensed by Empty Category Principle (ECP). Stowell (1981) then attributed the asymmetry to ECP by claiming that the N is scmantically in apposition to its sentential complement and does not assign a 9 -role to it; since Q -role assignment is a prerequisite for proper head government, N cannot be qualified as a proper head governor.