A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval by Anthony Kenny

By Anthony Kenny

Sir Anthony Kenny right here maintains his interesting account of the background of philosophy, concentrating on the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this can be the second one quantity of a four-book set within which Kenny will spread a magisterial new background of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author background of philosophy to seem in decades.

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Since souls, for an Aristotelian, are forms, human beings, on this theory, have three souls: a vegetative soul (responsible for nutrition, growth, and reproduction), an animal soul (responsible for movement and perception), and a rational soul (responsible for intellectual thought). None of the souls exist prior to the body, but while the two inferior souls are mortal, the superior one is immortal and survives death in a condition either of bliss or of frustration, in accordance with the merits of the life it has led.

While Simplicius was the most ardent admirer of Aristotle in antiquity, Philoponus was his severest critic. Whereas previous philosophers had either ignored Aristotle (like the Epicureans and Stoics) or interpreted him irenically (like the Neoplatonists), Philoponus knew him very well and attacked him head-on. As a Christian, Philoponus rejected the doctrine of the eternity of the world, and demolished the arguments of Aristotle and Proclus to the eVect that the world had no beginning. 7 It was 7 Philoponus’ physics is discussed in detail in Ch.

She herself has been subject to outrage: her dress is tattered because Epicureans and Stoics tried to kidnap her and tore her clothes, carrying oV the torn-oV shreds. She urges Boethius to remember that even if the wicked prosper, the world is subject not to random chance but to the governance of divine reason. The book ends with a poem that looks rather like a shred torn oV by a Stoic, urging rejection of the passions. Joy you must banish Banish too fear All grief must vanish And hope bring no cheer.

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