By Alan C. L. Yu
This ebook offers the 1st cross-linguistic learn of the phenomenon of infixation, ordinarily linked in English with phrases like "im-bloody-possible", and located in the entire world's significant linguistic households. Infixation is a vital puzzle in prosodic morphology: Professor Yu explores its prosodic, phonological, and morphological features, considers its various services, and formulates a basic idea to provide an explanation for the principles and constraints in which it really is ruled. He examines 154 infixation styles from over 100 languages, together with examples from Asia, Europe, Africa, New Guinea, and South the United States. He compares the formal houses of other sorts of infix, explores the variety of diachronic pathways that bring about them, and considers the strategies in which they're bought in first language studying. A imperative argument of the publication matters the concept that the typological trends of language might be traced again to its origins and to the mechanisms of language transmission. The ebook therefore combines the heritage of infixation with an exploration of the position diachronic and practical elements play in synchronic argumentation: it truly is an exemplary example of the holistic method of linguistic explanation.Alan Yu's pioneering examine will curiosity phonologists and morphologists of all theoretical persuasions, in addition to typologists and ancient linguists.
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Additional info for A Natural History of Infixation (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
This Optimal Paradigm approach to inWxation is appealing since it avoids the necessity of positing parochial alignment constraints that stipulate the preWxing nature of /ag/ and the inWxing distribution of /um/. The distribution of these VC aYxes is derivative of the distribution of their paradigmatic neighbor. This line of analysis, at Wrst glance, might provide a solution to the frivolous inWxation problem. On this view, the aYxes in (58)–(60) might be inWxing because their paradigmatic neighbors are of the nature that favors inWxation.
On this view, motivations for the Phonological Readjustment approach stem from (i) a concern of formal economy, that is, the elimination of inWxes as formal objects by deriving inWxes from other morphological primitives, such as preWxes and suYxes, and (ii) the drive to achieve explanatory adequacy in a theory of grammar. Within the context of a constraint-based framework like Optimality Theory, this was taken to mean that inWxation should be derived, rather than stipulated, through constraint interaction.
OCP-um). When confronted with forms like *mumeri for um + meri ‘to marry’, the Tagalog speaker returns an absolute ungrammaticality judgment (see Orgun and Sprouse 1999 for further discussion). The fact of ineVability notwithstanding, it is not hard to imagine a situation where a speaker must produce an output. In such a case, the OT-PR approach predicts hyperinWxation. Consider the scenario where -um- is applied to the hypothetical loanword, wawana. From the point of view of avoiding onsetless syllables, the optimal candidate should have been (54c).