A grammar of Dimili (also known as Zaza) by Terry Lynn Todd

By Terry Lynn Todd

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Extra info for A grammar of Dimili (also known as Zaza)

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9 ; := @F F C3$3 A # IB " A In a word like /q j9l;n:/ ‘pipe’, the existence of the final unstressed vowel is most noticeable in that it prevents the /n/ from being realized as nasalization of the vowel /;/ . e. ) This comes as no surprise for a word like /m:n/ [m:] “ I ” (erg), which has a latent final /n/ that appears only when the word is followed by a vowel such as the copula in the following example. 1,1( = -: = @NN -I -I B C 0#" $! -$ (A But the nasalization occurs anytime the /:/ <ı> is stressed in word-final position and where no latent /n/ exists.

9 ; := @F F C3$3 A LLL( ='; 9 ; := @'# '# S# IB C //3 # "A LL*( =[;9 >"$= @A0# A0# "$B "$ C3 EA # IB ! A There are also masculine and feminine nouns that end in stressed /i/ and masculine nouns that end in stressed /:/ <ı>. Thus it appears that at one time stress may have been predictable until some feminine suffixes interfered with the pattern. S# 4 A LL<( =9 ;-$= @VV#-$B #-$ C! SZ Suffixation does not affect the placement of stress unless the suffix itself carries an inherent stress. Thus a noun that is stressed on the last syllable will be stressed on the same syllable even when a suffix renders that syllable the penultimate rather than the ultimate.

N '#OB '#O =! ; = @ -I -I # B =+; = @+# +# B C-#" C$ A = 8= @VN VN B C$ C! A The biological sex of animals, especially of domestic animals, is distinguished by words that often show no historic relationship to one another. One of each pair of words is normally used as the generic term. Again, gender is unmarked. 03 ANIMAL SEXES AND GENDER masculine feminine generic C/ #"A =G> = @G G B =9':O= @' 'IOB 4 C0 ! B ? Inanimate nouns have invariable grammatical gender. A =U$= @/$ /$B /$ ! ;9? 9 ; := @F F C4 " A = 9 $= @ Q $B $ # IB Morphology 35 Homophones exist that are distinguished by gender.

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