By Barbara W. Tuchman
The 14th century offers us again contradictory photographs: a glittering time of crusades and castles, cathedrals and chivalry, and a gloomy time of ferocity and non secular pain, an international plunged right into a chaos of struggle, worry and the Plague. Barbara Tuchman anatomizes the century, revealing either the good rhythms of historical past and the grain and texture of household lifestyles because it was once lived.
Read or Download A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century PDF
Best middle ages books
Foodstuff and nutrition are critical to knowing way of life within the heart a long time. within the final twenty years, the opportunity of the examine of vitamin in medieval England has replaced markedly: historians have addressed resources in new methods; fabric from quite a lot of websites has been processed through zooarchaeologists and archaeobotanists; and medical strategies, newly utilized to the medieval interval, are establishing up percentages for realizing the cumulative results of nutrition at the skeleton.
Medieval Englishmen have been treacherous, rebellious and killed their kings, as their French contemporaries many times famous. within the thirteenth via fifteenth centuries, ten kings confronted critical uprising, within which 8 have been captured, deposed, and/or murdered. another king escaped open insurrection yet encountered energetic resistance.
The Black Prince was once some of the most very important figures of the medieval interval: he claimed the most important battles of the Hundred Years Wars. loss of life prior to his father, Edward III, he left his younger son, the long run Richard II, to an doubtful future. regardless of his premature loss of life, the Black Prince performed an vital position in English, Welsh, Spanish and French political lifestyles within the center years of the fourteenth century.
Ostensibly written via an English knight, the Travels purport to narrate his stories within the Holy Land, Egypt, India and China. Mandeville claims to have served within the nice Khan's military, and to have travelled in 'the lands beyond' - international locations populated by way of dog-headed males, cannibals, Amazons and Pygmies.
- Framing the Early Middle Ages: Europe and the Mediterranean, 400-800
- Life in the Middle Ages: From the Seventh (7th) to the Thirteenth (13th) Century
- Beyond Representation: Chinese Painting and Calligraphy, 8th-14th Century (Princeton Monographs in Art and Archaeology, Volume 48)
- The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval Europe
Additional resources for A Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century
The jouissance of the abject echoes the victorious laughter of Bakhtin’s grotesque figures. As this chapter will show, two comedic women of medieval fabliaux delight in the subversive laughter that their excessively deviant bodies produce. In Mikhail Bakhtin’s Rabelais and His World, the theorist offers the Kerch terracotta figurines of laughing “senile pregnant hags” as exemplars of the grotesque body that populates carnivalesque literature. ”34 In Bakhtin’s notion of the carnivalesque, the grotesque body becomes central to carnivalesque’s literature’s ability to upset sociopolitical hierarchies through humor.
In the narrative slippage in between, I find, lies a challenge to misogynistic and ableist views of the female body. Finally, I consider Robert Henryson’s Testament of Cresseid, whose heroine is divinely punished with leprosy for her infidelity. indd 16 9/20/2010 2:50:28 PM I N T RO DU C T ION 17 masculine narrative drive). However, I assert that Cresseid’s punishment does not merely exclude her. Rather, it reveals the potentially transgressive power of the disabled female body to disrupt cohesive identities and narrative structures.
In particular, scholars like Cohen resist earlier scholarship that assumes a distinct opposition between the human and the monstrous. Working with the Lacanian notion of extimité (extimacy), Cohen reads monstrous figures as both familiar and Other to humans, as integral to the process of constructing individual and collective identities. For instance, he reads the giant as central to the construction of the human in Anglo-Saxon culture, a culture marked by shifting definitions of borders and communities.