A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure by Luis López

By Luis López

During this quantity, Luis López sheds new gentle on info constitution and makes an important contribution to paintings on grammatical operations within the Minimalist application. via a cautious research of dislocations and concentration fronting in Romance, the writer indicates that notions similar to 'topic' and 'focus', as often outlined, yield no predictions and proposes as a substitute a characteristic procedure according to the notions 'discourse anaphor' and 'contrast'. He offers a close version of syntax---information-structure interplay and argues that this interplay happens on the section point, with a privileged position for the sting of the section. extra, he investigates phenomena about the syntax of gadgets in Romance and Germanic - accusative A, p-movement, clitic doubling, scrambling, item shift - and exhibits that there are cross-linguistic correlations among syntactic configuration and specificity, self sufficient of discourse connectedness. the quantity ends with a longer research of the syntax of dislocations in Romance.

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1st that NEG bolis. ’ 45 Maria. 52b) it is right dislocated. 52a) implies a contrastive set— there is someone else who may have received the pens. Finally, if there is no appropriate antecedent neither CLLD nor CLRD are felicitous and accommodation is not possible. 2. 53) Context: Joan brought the furniture. a. La LLET va portar, res mes. ’ b. *La llet, la va portar . . c. Les cadires les va portar el Joan, pero les taules . . ‘Joan brought the chairs, but the tables . 53b) is not. 1, FF can be eVected as long as the fronted constituent is something that can be carried.

Is also dislocated; it includes a relative clause with a verb in the subjunctive. It is well-known that subjunctive mood in a relative clause is a clear indicator that the DP that the relative clause modiWes is not speciWc (see Chapter 1). The following sort of example is sometimes taken to be evidence that dislocates need to be speciWc (Rizzi 1997, Samek-Lodovici 2006): 7 Alexiadou (2006) uses Greek examples. A Greek consultant conWrms that in this language dislocates are indeed speciWc. Romance dislocates, however, exhibit a clearly diVerent feature structure.

Portuguese clitic-less dislocations are postponed for future research. 1 Topic The dominant paradigm for the study of the mapping between sentence structure and information structure pivots around the central concepts of topic and focus (see Lambrecht 1994, Erteschik-Shir 1997, 2006 among many others). This paradigm has inXuenced the Romance Weld—particularly since Rizzi 1997, which has thus taken FFed constituents to be focused constituents moved to a Spec, Foc, while dislocated constituents are taken to be topics moved to a Spec, Top.

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